Shredding of corporate documents that contain sensitive information is an imperative practice to maintaining customer and corporate security. Hence, such document shredding services are required to be both thorough and secure. For any leakage of the information contained can and will lead to legal action being taken against the offending corporate if the Florida Document Destruction Legal Requirements are not followed correctly.
Identity theft is one of the biggest threats that the leakage of such information entails. It is also, unfortunately, one of the fastest growing and widespread crimes today.
There have been many new laws that have been enacted to safeguard and protect the security of such information. Some of these laws include the following:
Florida HIPAA Requirments
The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (1996) is one of the Florida Document Destruction Legal Requirements. It includes protocols for the healthcare industry in the United States. In a nutshell, HIPAA holds that the healthcare industry accountable for any and all patient information – which is inclusive of the electronic transmission, storage, and disposal of sensitive patient information.
Also known as the ‘HiTech Act’, it requires that all bodies that come under HIPAA have to report any and all information breaches and leaks to HHS (The United States Department of Health and Human Services) and the media if that breach will affect 500 or more people. The Act also requires that such entities notify the individuals who will be affected by such a breach.
The Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act of 1999 (GLB)
This act dictates that all financial institutions are responsible for the secure storage, disposal, and sharing of any and all confidential, non-public, personal information that they may obtain by way of their normal business transactions. These institutions are obligated to put into place precautions and safety measures that will protect the confidentiality of such information and prevent the unsanctioned access or use of such records.
The Economic Espionage Act (EEA)
The EEA states that the theft or misuse of trade secrets and other business information is a criminal offense. However, in 1988, the Supreme Court ruled that items left outside for trash pickup are no longer within the rights of ownership or privacy. Hence, “stealing trash” is not a criminal offense. In fact, it is not even considered an act of stealing. Thus, information stolen about a corporate and its customers by diving into dumpsters left outside the corporate’s premises cannot often be pursued as a criminal offense.
The Fair and Accurate Credit Transactions Act of 2003
The FACT Act of 2003 is, in general, an amendment of the Fair Credit Reporting Act or FCRA. It was passed on December 4, 2003. Practically every kind of business is bound by this Act. This act contains provisions that protect consumers against crimes of consumer fraud, including but not limited to identity theft. The provisions further entail assists to those who end up victims of consumer fraud.
The Act insists upon the secure and proper disposal of any and all papers that contain consumer information. It further specifies that these documents, on disposal, should be destroyed beyond any capacity for reconstruction, thus protecting delicate consumer information from unauthorized access.